House Legislation

H.R. 3219, introduced by Representative Granger, provided funding for President Trump’s U.S.-Mexico border wall, which was rooted in racist campaign rhetoric and has the potential to significantly damage our relationship with Mexico, one of the United States’ largest trading partners.. The House passed this bill on July 27, 2017, by a vote of 235-192. Foreign Policy for America opposed this legislation.

The Perry Amendment (H. Amdt. 17) to the National Defense Authorization Act would have blocked research on the impacts of climate change on our military and adopts an anti-science stance by diminishing America’s leadership role in tackling climate change. The House failed to agree to the amendment on July 13, 2017, by a vote of 185-234. Foreign Policy for America opposed this amendment.

House Speaker Ryan introduced H. Res. 397, this resolution reaffirmed the commitment of the United States to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s principle of collective defense, also known as Article 5, which states that an attack on one is an attack on all. NATO member nations have only invoked Article 5 once, as a commitment to their allies, after the 9/11 attacks against the United States. The House passed to the House Resolution on June 27, 2017, by a vote of 423-4. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo Democracy and Accountability Act (H.R. 6207), introduced by Representative Smith from New Jersey, took important steps to promote democracy, human rights, transparency, and the rule of law in the DRC by urging the president to support U.N efforts and requiring the U.S. State Department to report on human rights abuses and corruption.The House passed this bill on November 27, 2018, by a vote of 374-11. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation.

The Global Food Security Reauthorization Act (H.R. 5129), introduced by Representative Smith from New Jersey, extended life-saving anti-hunger initiatives by the U.S. State Department and USAID through 2021. These programs were originally authorized under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 133 cosponsors in the House. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation and scored those who cosponsored it positively.

Representative Huizenga introduced H. J. Res. 41, which blocked the implementation of the bipartisan Cardin-Lugar anti-corruption provision of the Dodd Frank Act legislation, which required that oil, gas, and mining companies disclose payments to foreign governments. The House passed this bill on February 1, 2017, by a vote of 235-187. Foreign Policy for America opposed this legislation.

Supporting gender equality means empowering women across every aspect of their lives. In reflection of that, Foreign Policy for America chose to score a collection of legislation that encompasses many of the areas in which women are either excluded or disproportionately affected across the world. We scored members who cosponsored at least half of these bills positively:

● Representative Schakowsky introduced the International Violence Against Women Act (H.R. 5034)
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 142 cosponsors in the House.
● The Women, Peace, and Security Act (H.R. 2484) was introduced by Representative Noem.
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 16 cosponsors in the House.
● Representative Royce introduced the Women’s Entrepreneurship and Economic Empowerment Act (H.R. 5480)
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 12 cosponsors in the House.
● The Greater Leadership Overseas for the Benefit of Equality Act (H.R. 7291) was introduced by Representative Titus.
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 7 cosponsors in the House.
● Representative Lee introduced the Women and Climate Change Act (H.R. 4932)
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 55 cosponsors in the House.
● The Keeping Girls in School Act (H.R. 7055) was introduced by Representative Frankel
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 11 cosponsors in the House.
● Representative Lowey introduced the Global Health, Empowerment, and Rights Act (H.R. 671)
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 165 cosponsors in the House.
● The Reproductive Rights are Human Rights Act (H.R. 7228) was introduced by Representative Clark.
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 55 cosponsors in the House.

The Strengthening Oversight of Iran’s Access to Finance Act (H. R. 4324), introduced by Representative Williams, violated U.S. obligations under the Iran nuclear deal (also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA) by limiting the ability of U.S. companies to sell commercial passenger aircraft to Iran which was permitted under the agreement. The House passed this bill on December 14, 2017, by a vote of 252-167. Foreign Policy for America opposed this legislation.

Representative Lowey introduced the Global Health, Empowerment, and Rights (HER) Act, which would put an end to the dangerous Mexico City Policy, also known as the “global gag rule,” which threatens to pull U.S. funding from foreign NGOs who discuss a full range of reproductive health and family planning options with women. Under President Trump, the Mexico City Policy was dramatically expanded, impeding U.S. partnerships with health organizations on the frontlines of the fight against HIV/AIDS and the Ebola virus. This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 165 cosponsors in the House. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation and scored those who cosponsored it positively.

The Hartzler Amendment (H. Amdt 183) to the National Defense Authorization Act would have denied medical services related to gender transition to active American military personnel. The House failed to pass this amendment on July 13, 2017, by a vote of 209-214. Foreign Policy for America opposed this amendment.

The Lee Amendment (H.Amdt. 737) to the  Energy and Water, Legislative Branch, and Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Act would have stripped the bill of $65 million for the W76-2 warhead and transfer it to the Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation account. The W76-2 is an unnecessary and dangerous warhead that experts agree is only likely to escalate a nuclear conflict. Congress should maintain or increase funds for nuclear, chemical, and biological nonproliferation and arms control programs. The House failed to pass this amendment on June 7, 2018, by a vote of 177-241. Foreign Policy for America supported this amendment.

The Yoho Amendment (H. Amdt. 330) would have blocked all U.S. financial support for the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC), the UN Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), and the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) – a move that would have dramatically reduced U.S. influence in these multilateral bodies and threatened the continuing operations of UNRWA. The House failed to pass the amendment on July 13, 2017, by a vote of 185-234. Foreign Policy for America opposed this amendment.

H.R. 3364, introduced by Congressman Royce, the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), limited President Trump’s ability to unilaterally lift sanctions on Russia and added new sanctions against Russia’s energy and military sector while also implementing sanctions on North Korea and Iran. American intelligence agencies unanimously agreed that the Russian government directed an efforts to undermine and influence the 2016 presidential election. Russia also attacked and supports ongoing operations in Ukraine and annexed Crimea. The House passed the bill on July 25, 2017, by a vote of 419 to 3. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation.

Senate Legislation

Senator Rand Paul introduced an amendment (S.Amdt.871) to the National Defense Authorization Act, which would have repealed the 2001 and 2002 Authorizations for Use of Military Force (AUMF), which have been used in the 18 years since to pursue endless counterterrorism operations in an expanding array of countries, and prompted a much needed debate in Congress over U.S. counterterrorism policy. The Senate passed a motion to table the amendment on September 13, 2017, by a vote of 61-36, therefore killing the amendment. Foreign Policy for America supported this amendment.

Senator Coons’ amendment (S.Amdt. 1955) to the Uniting and Securing America Act rejected funding for President Trump’s border wall while paving a path to citizenship for the Dreamers. The Senate failed to pass the amendment on February 15, 2018, by a vote of 52-47. The amendment needed a 3/5ths majority to pass. Foreign Policy for America supported this amendment.

Senator Reed introduced a Motion to instruct the conferees, which reaffirmed the commitment of the United States to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s principle of collective defense, also known as Article 5, which states that an attack on one is an attack on all. NATO member nations have only invoked Article 5 once, as a commitment to their allies, after the 9/11 attacks against the United States. The Senate passed a motion to instruct on July 10, 2018, by a vote of 97-2. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation. 

Senator Flake introduced the Freedom for Americans to Travel to Cuba Act (S.1287), which would protect Americans’ ability to travel to and from Cuba, boosting people-to-people interactions and business ties between Americans and Cubans. It would also  This legislation was never voted on, but concluded the 115th Congress with 54 cosponsors in the Senate. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation and scored those who cosponsored it positively.

Many pieces of legislation would strengthen American support for democracy and human rights throughout the world. To reflect this, we choose to score cosponsorship on a collection of bills that would encourage political, economic, and social reforms around the world, particularly among partner states. Foreign Policy for America supported the following pieces of legislation and scored senators who cosponsored 2 out of the 3 pieces of legislation positively.

● Senator Corker introduced S.Res.368, a resolution supporting the right of all Iranian citizens to have their voices heard
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 44 cosponsors in the Senate.
● Senator Markey introduced S. 3020, the International Human Rights Defense Act
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 36 cosponsors in the Senate.
● Senator McCain introduced S. 2060, the Burma Human Rights and Freedom Act
   ○ This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 24 cosponsors in the Senate.

Congressman Huizenga introduced H.J. Res. 41, this bill blocked the implementation of the bipartisan Cardin-Lugar anti-corruption provision of the Dodd Frank Act, which required that oil, gas, and mining companies disclose payments to foreign governments. The Senate passed this Joint Resolution on February 3, 2017, by a vote of 52-47. Foreign Policy for America opposed this legislation.    

Senator Shaheen introduced S. 210, the Global Health, Empowerment, and Rights (HER) Act, which would put an end to the dangerous Mexico City Policy, also known as the “global gag rule,” which threatens to pull U.S. funding from foreign NGOs who discuss a full range of reproductive health and family planning options with women. Under President Trump, the Mexico City Policy was dramatically expanded, impeding U.S. partnerships with health organizations on the frontlines of the fight against HIV/AIDS and the Ebola virus. This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 47 cosponsors in the Senate. Foreign Policy for America supports this legislation and scored those who cosponsored it positively.

When Senator Corker originally introduced S. 722 , the Countering Iran’s Destabilizing Activities Act it violated U.S. obligations under the  Iran nuclear deal (also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA) by instituting sanctions that were not in compliance of the JCPOA. This legislation had 50 cosponsors prior to revisions being made, on May 25th, 2017, that brought it back into compliance with the JCPOA. Foreign Policy for America opposed this legislation prior to the revisions being made in May and scored Senators who cosponsored the legislation before the revisions were made negatively.    

Senator Schatz introduced S. 1366, the Restore Honor to Service Members Act,  which would have addressed the historic wrong of military discharges given to service members because of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy by changing the characterization of the discharge to honorable, if they were discharged because of their sexual orientation.This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 31 cosponsors in the Senate. Foreign Policy for America supports this legislation and scored those who cosponsored it positively.

S.1979, introduced by Senator Murphy, would have blocked the implementation of President Trump’s Muslim ban by preventing any funding from being used for its implementation. This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 32 cosponsors in the Senate. Foreign Policy for America supports this legislation and scored those who cosponsored it positively. 

The Safeguard Israel Act (S. 107), introduced by Senator Cruz, would have prevented the United States from making financial contributions to the United Nations or any U.N. organization until U.N. Security Council Resolution 2334, which Israeli settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem as illegal, had been repealed. This legislation concluded the 115th Congress with 24 cosponsors in the Senate. Foreign Policy for America opposed this legislation and scored those who cosponsored it negatively.

H.R. 3364, introduced by Congressman Royce, the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), limited President Trump’s ability to unilaterally lift sanctions on Russia and added new sanctions against Russia’s energy and military sector while also implementing sanctions on North Korea and Iran. American intelligence agencies unanimously agreed that the Russian government directed an efforts to undermine and influence the 2016 presidential election. Russia also attacked and supports ongoing operations in Ukraine and annexed Crimea. The Senate passed this bill on July 27, 2017, by a vote of 98-2. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation.

S.J.Res.42, introduced by Senator Paul, would have disapproved of the proposed sales to the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia of certain defense articles in the wake of a Saudi Arabia-led war with Yemen that has produced the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. The Senate failed to pass this motion to discharge on June 13, 2017, by a vote of 47-53. Foreign Policy for America supported this legislation.